History is important to
understand the game Roulette. Enjoy the
roulette history lesson and get ready to
take a spin towards winning roulette.
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"Roulette is Born"
is the oldest game in modern
casinos. No one is sure of the exact
origin of roulette, although there are a
number of popular myths. It seems
reasonable that some form of spinning
wheel game has been played for
centuries, probably since the invention
of the wheel. There are stories of
ancient warriors spinning shields on
the tips of swords and betting on the
outcome. There are stories of Roman
soldiers turning chariots on their sides
and spinning the upside wheel to cause
an event upon which to bet. There are
other stories of ancient Chinese
playing a game similar to roulette,
which traveled to southern Europe
through the silk and spice trade routes
made famous by people such as Marco
Polo. The historical record about such
games is sketchy at best and these
stories may be just that, fanciful
stories. Given man's nature to bet on
events, these stories certainly could be
credible. In all likelihood, roulette
was developed and refined over time,
perhaps coming from ancient roots such
as those mentioned.
"Roulette Comes From The French"
Roulette comes from the french word "roulette", meaning wheel or small wheel and
the modern version of the game seems to
have been developed in France in the
century. In 1641, 18-year-old
French mathematician and philosopher
Blaise Pascal invented a mathematics
machine, which some claim to be the
basis of the modern roulette wheel.
Perhaps Pascal's most important
contribution to the game was another
invention, the theory of probabilities.
He spent considerable time exploring the
probabilities of random events, a
perfect description of roulette. The
combination of these inventions combined
with the evolution of other games of
chance likely converged to form the
basis of modern roulette.
such similar game was called E-O for
Even-Odd. It appeared in Bath, England,
beginning in about 1739. E-O players
on one of two colors. One color
represented the even numbers and the
other represented odd numbers. This game
was short-lived and disappeared in 1820
with the introduction of the French
roulette. Refugees from the French
Revolution brought roulette with them as
the fled to England. Roulette was
preferred over E-O because of the
greater variety of bets it offered.
Invention Of The Double Zero"
1765, roulette in its present form was
introduced into Paris through the
efforts of a police official, Gabriel de
Sartine. Roulette's acceptance
was immediate, and its popularity
continues to this day.
Early-nineteenth-century roulette had
both a single and double zero, very much
like the wheels used in Las Vegas today.
When the ball dropped into the red
single 0, all bets on red were
considered bars, and no money was won or
lost. Conversely, when the ball landed
in the black 00 pocket, all bets on
black were barred.
"Monte Carlo Is Born"
1856, a joint stock company petitioned
Prince Charles III, the ruler of Monaco,
for permission to build a casino. He
liked the idea of the potential tax
revenues but doubted that the venture
would succeed. He finally granted his
permission for the construction of the
casino, bringing gambling to Monte
Du Casino In Monte Carlo"
Francois Blanc was in Germany when he
first heard of the Monte Carlo project.
He was intrigued as gambling was being
outlawed in much of the rest of Europe.
In 1863, he signed a 50-year franchise
contract and built the luxurious Place
du Casino. His aim was to build it in a
way that would attract the richest
members of society. He also persuaded
French authorities to build a new
highway to Monaco, and to extend the
railway from Nice. These innovations
opened Monte-Carlo to the world.
Is Coming To America"
Monaco grew into an extravagantly
beautiful playground for the world's
wealthy and international sportsmen
alike. Roulette was very popular there
and became a gentleman's game. Roulette
sailed across the Atlantic to America in
the early 1800s, first appearing in the
French city of New Orleans. This version
of the game used both the single and
double zeros. The game quickly became
just as popular in New Orleans as it had
been in Europe.
"The 3rd Zero
New Orleans Casino was so popular, that
at the end even the gaming
operators became greedy. Lacking the
competition of the Blanc brothers, New
Orleans operators added rather than
subtracted a zero. This 3rd zero
position featured a picture of an
American eagle and tripled the house
percentage over the single-zero game.
The operators also increased the wheel
speed to three times the pace of the
leisurely 36 spins per hour of the game
played in the European casinos. The
third zero put players at too much of a
disadvantage. The popularity of the game
dwindled. The third zero was eventually
dropped and roulette was revived.
Death Of The Double Zero In Europe"
of the places which was revived was in the
gambling houses that sprang up in the
mining camps of California during the
Gold Rush. Roulette is a popular game
yet today in American casinos. In Europe
the climate for Roulette was somewhat
different than in America. In Europe it
was a game played by the wealthy and the
elite. Gambling resorts sprang up
wherever gaming was legal and the
privileged could play wherever they
wanted. Competition among the casinos
was strong. Consequently, the game was
changed in Europe to increase the
player's odds and attract more players.
The 00, still found on American wheels,
was eliminated. This cut the casino
margin by half. A further enticement was
the introduction of the 'surrender' or
'en prison' rule that cut the casino
margin in half once again.
Double Zero Stays
Alive In America"
the Old West, roulette was the only game
of its kind in the gambling houses. Gaming houses were often tents that
moved from one mining strike to the next.
Similar gaming houses sprang up in the
'end of the line' railroad towns as the
iron rails stretched across the vast
distances of the American west.
Entertainment opportunities for the
miners and the railroad workers in those
isolated camps were few. There was
little competition for the casinos and
the operators didn't face the same
competitive situation as their European
counterparts. There was no need to
reduce the house percentage. The 00
remains a part of the American game even
to this day.
difference is in the numbers. The
European game has 37 numbers and pays up
to 35:1. The American game has
numbers and pays up to 35:1. By
dropping the 38th
number, the European game reduces the
percentage inherent to the house, or
casino, by half. In the European game,
the inherent house percentage is
while in the American game, with 38
numbers; the inherent house percentage
Progressive Roulette Systems"
Today both versions of the game can be
found in the U.S., although the American
version is much more common. Roulette
players are well advised to play the
European version of the game where they
can find it in a few American casinos.
This leads us to the very first strategy
for your roulette success.
Play European roulette whenever
possible. You will win more.
Nevertheless you can use my progressive
roulette systems for both versions of
the game. They work
just as well with the American version
of the game, but if you use them with the
European version you will win even more
money than with the American game.
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Always Win Roulette? Click